Propagating a Monstera: with or without aerial roots?
How do you propagate a Monstera?
A Monstera belongs to the Philodendrons, and is perhaps one of the easiest houseplants there is. And even easier is perhaps the cutting of the Monstera! Yes, you hear that well. The cuttings are made very easy by the aerial roots that a Monstera grows. With these roots, taking cuttings from a houseplant is a piece of cake. Even if you don’t have green fingers. Although it is also possible to cut a Monstera without aerial roots. Also an easy, by the way!
What are aerial roots?
Before you open Google for aerial roots. It’s not that difficult! Aerial roots are roots in the middle of its trunk, which don’t grow directly in the direction of the earth. It’s even possible that these roots grow so big that they start to look like vines. A perfect plant for your Urban Jungle!
- Sharp knife or scissors
- Glass, vase(s) or mug with water
- Optional: cutting powder
Propagating a Monstera in 4 steps
Step 1: Clean the knife
Before propagating the Monstera it is important to clean the tools thoroughly. Keep the knife or scissors under hot water and clean them well. This prevents you from unnecessarily transferring bacteria to the Monstera during the propagation. Do you happen to have disinfectant or pure alcohol? Disinfect the tools after the hot water. Away with those bacteria and fungi!
Step 2: Cut the stem
Choose a nice stem. Does it happen to have an aerial root? That is ideal! You can cut off the stem from the mother plant 5 cm below the aerial root. Doesn’t the plant have an aerial root where you would like to separate the plant from each other? Then cut the stem a bit oblique. There is a bigger chance that roots will grow on it! Cuttings without an aerial root are therefore possible, but unfortunately not always successful.
Step 3: Add cutting powder
Do you happen to have cutting powder in your house? Then you can apply the cutting powder to the ‘open wound’ of the cutting. Let the powder dry well!
Don’t have any cutting powder? No problem. You can also easily cuttings without. Although the use of cutting powder can stimulate root growth.
Step 4: Put the cutting in the water
Fill a vase or glass with water. Put the cuttings in it. Make sure the cutting is flooded, but avoid that the leaves touch the water. This can cause the leaf to mold. And you want to prevent that! If the leaf is in prolonged contact with water, all the energy of the cutting will go to it. And that is not the intention! Of course you want the cutting to form roots.
When do roots start growing at the Monstera cutting?
After about two weeks you will see big differences in the cutting. Did you stabbing with an aerial root? Then it is possible that the cutting can already enter the soil.
Did you cut without aerial roots? From the two weeks on it is possible that the roots start to form.
“Change the water once a week. This way you keep the cutting healthy!
As soon as the cutting roots grow, or the aerial roots have grown to roots of at least 3 cm, you can plant them in the soil.
Monstera propagation in 10 seconds
If our step-by-step plan is not clear enough, you can also choose to watch our short video. And by short, we mean really short! The video is only 10 seconds, but shows you clearly how the cutting process works.